Using wait, $!, and () for threading in bash

This is a simplistic use of the pattern that I wrote about in my last post to wait on multiple commands in bash. In essence I have a script which runs a command (like uptime or restarting a daemon) on a whole bunch of servers (think pssh). Anyways… this is how I modified the script to run the command on multiple hosts in parallel. This is a bit simplistic as it runs, say, 10 parallel ssh commands and then waits for all 10 to complete. I’m very confident that someone could easily adapt this to run at a constant concurrency level of $threads… but I didn’t need it just then so I didn’t go that far… As a side note, this is possibly the first time I’ve ever *needed* an array in a bash script… hah…

# $1 is the commandto run on the remote hosts
# $2 is used for something not important for this script
# $3 is the (optional) number of concurrent connections to use

if [ ! "$3" == "" ]
then
    threads=$3
else
    threads=1
fi

cthreads=0;
stack=()
for s in $servers
  do
    if [ $cthreads -eq $threads ]; then
        for job in ${stack[@]}; do
              wait $job
        done
        stack=()
        cthreads=0
    fi
    (
        for i in $(ssh root@$s "$1" )
            do
                echo -e "$s:\t$i"
        done
    )& stack[$cthreads]=$!
    let cthreads=$cthreads+1
done
for job in ${stack[@]}; do
    wait $job
done

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